HAJJ IS THE FIFTH PILLAR OF ISLAM

Kabah

Hajj, being the fifth (5th) pillar of Islam, needs to be done and performed by every Muslim (if they are financially and physically able) once in their lifetime so that they may protect their religious obligations. But why performing Hajj is such a big deal for Muslims, and why is it considered as the Journey of a Lifetime?
The virtues of Hajj are so many and those Muslims who have performed Hajj are indeed aware of the religious and spiritual contentment and inspiring experience such an act plants in the hearts of all humanity; everlastingly.

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has spoken continuously on the virtues and merits of Hajj throughout his lifetime.  In the past, Muslims need many months for travelling to complete their Holy journey to Makkah. The means for transportation were mostly on camels if by land or with wooden made boats by water. Now travelling is become too easy, although it is extremely costly journey, both physically and economically, yet in recent era millions of Muslims have attended and performs the annual pilgrimage in Holy Makkah.

 
The obligation of a Muslim, in spite of of where he or she lives, is to Ibadah (worship) ALLAH Almighty, by carrying out His will in all matters and aspects of life. The basis of Islamic teaching and spending the Islamic way of life is a set of five obligatory and mandatory acts of worship (ibadat), which, taken together with the confession of imaan (faith) and are referred to as the “five pillars” of Islam. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has defined the faith (imaan), the submission, and the best models for human behaviour to follow.

 
These acts of Ibadah (worship) constitute the five pillars are the cornerstones of Islam, each of which has its own religious, spiritual and social values. A person who believes in these five pillars enters the fold of the religion of peace Islam and becomes a member of the Muslim society (the ummah). It is these ritual obligations that draw the faithful closer to ALLAH Almighty and help them fulfil their responsibility to Him. The reason of Islamic Ibadah (worship) is, therefore, to make stronger the individual’s Imaan (faith) and sense of submission to ALLAH Almighty, and to strengthen the ties of brother and sisterhood among all the Muslims. In order to examine the importance of Hajj in a Muslim’s spiritual and social life, that is done the sacred city Makkah.
It was reported in the Holy Quran, verse 22:27:

And proclaim to the people the Hajj [pilgrimage]; they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass –

By relating the experiences about the Hajj, the pilgrims often renew devotional feelings and desire in the hearts of their listeners, each in keen anticipation of the day, when they too will have a chance to perform it.

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JANNAT-UL-BAQI, CEMETRY IN MADINA

Janna-tul-Baqi (Garden of Heaven) is the most important cemetery of Madina. Buried there are so many members of the Prophet (PBUH) close family members, around ten thousand of his companions (Sahabah) and lots of prominent, pious personalities.

  • Term Baqi means the land in which the roots of many different trees are embedded; Gharqad is the name of a tree that is thorny (Boxthorn) which was abundant in Baqi. Therefore the cemetery also came to be well known as Baqi al-Gharqad.
  • The first one to be buried in Al-Baqi was Asad Bin Zararah (may ALLAH be pleased with him), an Ansari companion who died shortly after the Prophet‘s (PBUH) migration to Madina. The Prophet (PBUH) chose the place to be a cemetery. The first of the Emigrants to be buried there was Hazrat Uthman bin Mazoun who died soon after the Prophet (PBUH) returned from the Jang-e-Badr (battle of Badr).

Some of the blessed resting personalities in Janna-tul-Baqi are:

  • The wives of the Prophet (PBUH), also known as the Mothers of the Muslims including Hazrat Aisha (RA), Hazrat Hafsa (RA) and Hazrat Sauda (RA). The two wives of Prophet (PBUH) that are not buried in janna-tul-Baqi are Khadijah bint Khuwaylid who is buried in Mecca and Maymuna bint al-Harith who is buried in Sarif. May ALLAH be pleased with them.
  • The daughters of the Prophet (PBUH), Hazrat Fatima, Hazrat Ruqayyah, Hazrat Zainab and Hazrat Umme Kulthum (may ALLAH be pleased with them)
  • Ibraheem (may ALLAH be pleased with him), the toddler son of the Prophet (PBUH) by Maria al-Qibtiyya.
  • Hasan (may ALLAH be pleased with him), the grandson of the Prophet (PBUH)
  • Abbas (may ALLAH be pleased with him), the uncle of the Prophet (PBUH)
  • The aunts or aunties of the Prophet (PBUH), Aatikah and Safiyyah (may ALLAH be pleased with them)
  • Usman or Uthman (may ALLAH be pleased with him), son-in-law and the third Caliph and of the Prophet (PBUH)
  • Haleemah Sadiya, the wet-nurse of the Prophet (PBUH)
  • Saad bin Abi Waqas (may ALLAH be pleased with him)
  • Abu Saeed Khudri (may ALLAH be pleased with him)
  • Abdur-Rehman bin Auf (may ALLAH be pleased with him)
  • Abdullah bin Masood (may ALLAH be pleased with him)
  • Imam Malik (may ALLAH be pleased with him)

Throughout different times of history many structures and domes were rebuilt or built over many well-known graves in Al-Baqi in order to recognize the inhabitants. On 21 April 1925, mausoleums, structures and domes in Jannat-ul-Baqi were demolished by the command of King Abdul Aziz Al Saud with the purpose of complying with the hadees of the Prophet (PBUH) to not build or cover structures over any grave and to avoid or prevent people from seeking help from the dead.

  • It is virtuous to visit Jannat-ul-Baqi (preferably on a Friday) and Dua (supplicate) to ALLAH for all those buried in its noble world.

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Places of Hajj Near Masjid-Al-Haraam

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Besides Kaabah (Baitullah), there are other places of Hajj near Makkah where hundreds of thousands of Muslim pilgrims visits every year and they are: Mina, Muzdalifah and Arafat. These locations have nothing to do with Umrah. If interested, Umrah performers can visit them, though spending time in Masjid al-Haraam is more rewarding.

  1. Mina:

This is a plain within the boundaries of the Haram of Makkah about five kilometres outside the city. The pilgrims spend the night between the 8th and 9th Zil-Hajj here and then continue to Arafat after sunrise or dawn on the 9th of

Zil-Hajj. Pilgrims are back here on the 10th of Zil-Hajj for the three last days of Hajj. Qurbani or animal slaughtering is offered here.

* Jamrahs:

The pilgrims do rami al-jamaraat that is throwing pebbles on three Jamrahs (stone pillars) representing devils (shetans) for three days. These pillars are well known as Jamrah al-Ula (small devil or shetan), Jamrah al-Wusta (middle devil or shetan) and Jamrah al-Aqabah (big devil or shetan).

* Khaif:

       Khaif Mosque is located in Mina where pilgrims offer their prayers while their stay here.

  1. Arafat:

This is a vast plain about 15 kilometres to the east of Makkah, its bounds beginning from the place where the limits of Haram end. Arriving in the Plain of Arafat on the 9th date of Zil-Hajj and Wuquf (halting) herein till sunset is the primary Hajj rite without which Hajj can not be valid. At sunset the pilgrims go for Muzdalifa without offering Maghrib namaz (prayer).

   * Namirah Mosque or Masjid-e-Namirah:

Namirah mosque is located right on the meeting place of the boundaries of Arafat and Haram. Here the Imam leads the Zuhar and Asr namaz (prayers) shortened and combined at Zuhar time.

 * Jabal Rahmah:

               Jabal Rahmah is a sacred and blessed hill in the middle of the Plain of Arafat. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) delivered his well-known sermon on the occasion of the Hajj Farewell.

  1. Muzdalifah:

This is a site midway on the route from Arafat to Mina. All Pilgrims gather here on the night of the 9th Zil-Hajj on their returning from Arafat. Here they perform Maghrib and Isha namaz (prayers) combined. It is mandatory to halt here after Fajr namaz between the break of dawn and sunrise before going to Mina.

* Mash’ar al-Haram:

This is an elevated site or place in the plain of Muzdalifah that is enclosed by a boundary. At this place, our beloved Prophet (PBUH) had prayed to ALLAH. The Quran says:

There is no blame upon you for seeking bounty from your Lord [during Hajj]. But when you depart from ‘Arafat, remember ALLAH at al- Mash’ar al-Haram. And remember Him, as He has guided you, for indeed, you were before that among those astray.

Muhassar:

This is a valley between Mina and Muzdalifah, where Abraha and his troops along with elephants, who came to destroy the Holy Kaabah, were themselves destroyed by the birds (swallows) tnat threw small pebbles or stones at them from their claws and beaks. As mentioned previous, this incident was happened in 570 or 571 AD. The pilgrims cross this place hurriedly because Muhassar is a tormented area.

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BENEFITS AND VIRTUES OF RECITING SURAH YASEEN

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The Holy Quran is the fourth and final divine Manuscript of ALLAH that He revealed upon His Last Messenger, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). It carries guidelines and instructions that act as great source of clarification and enlightenment in various aspects of life. It is the sole Book in the whole world that compensates a person who reads it with blessings from the ALLAH Almighty.

Holy Quran is consists of many Surah’s (Chapters) that are based on different themes and topics and are a means of attaining great reward from the Gracious ALLAH. Some of surah’s includes Surah Ar-Rahman, Surah Al-Waqiah, Surah Al-Mulk, Surah Yaseen, Surah Al-Muzzammil, and Surah Maryam etc.

Quran is the greatest wonder and blessing of ALLAH Almighty, which ALLAH has bestowed upon all mankind. In this Holy Book, a person can easily find solutions to any of his problem. Holy Quran carries numerous social, intellectual, moral, political, and guidelines related to every aspects of life.

For a believer of Islam there is a great reward against each word of reciting Quran. The recitation of The Quran in addition to adding religious return also influences on the life of every individuals in numerous ways. Furthermore, besides the general text of Holy Quran, there are many reverend chapters. One of such parts of Quran is the Surah Yaseen. Surah Yaseen is the 36th chapter that consists of 83 verses. It was revealed in Makkah. Surah Yaseen is one of the most reverend Surah of Quran and Muslims from all over the world learn it, recite it, and listen to its recitation with great sanctity and respect. There is a huge reason behind the prestige of Surah Yaseen.

Below discuss some main benefits of reciting Surah Yaseen.

  • The Heart Of Holy Quran:

From one of the hadith of Prophet (PBUH) it becomes clear that like all other things which have a heart same like that Holy Quran also has a heart and it is Sura Yasin. The importance of Surah Yaseen can be considered as; if a single word from Holy Quran carries great reward then the heart of Quran will surely reward more and greater. Prophet (PBUH) showed His likeness for remembrance and memorization of Surah Yaseen by His followers.

  • Magnificent Reward:

Another grand advantage or benefit of recitation of Sura Yaseen is that

Reciting Surah Yaseen once is equal to reciting of whole Holy Quran ten times. all the more reasons for a Muslim to memorize Surah Yaseen, a person will get grand rewards.

  • For The Person who is dying:

Surah Yaseen is a recommendation regarding to attending a person who is dying. A dying person needs comfort and some sort of spiritual help to pass the next world with ease. If there is the Heart of Quran that is Surah Yaseen being recited, it definitely helps the dying person and brings easiness and peace to the process of excruciating.

In whole, Surah Yaseen is undoubtedly one of the most prestigious, reverend and benefits bringing Surahs of Holy Quran.

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LESSON FROM THE INCIDENT OF KARBALA

Karbala

The month of Muharram is the starting month of Islamic lunar calendar. This month is one of the most sacred months in the light of hadith and Quran in which all Muslims try to fast and worship more for getting greater reward, whereas the day of Ashora is known for fasting specifically. The day of Ashora has great importance in history of Islam.

The 10th of Muharram that is Ashora, a day on which Hazrat Imam Hussain (RA) the Grandson of our beloved Prophet (PBUH) was martyred in Karbala. Since then month of Muharram is observed in remembrance of the life which Hazrat Imam Hussain (RA) and his companions sacrifice for the sake of Islam and for the righteousness. Incident of Karbala is one of the most well-known incidents in the history of Islam and it tells people about the sacrifice and struggle of Grandson of Prophet (PBUH) faced, it also tells of the renewal of Islam.

There are a numerous lessons that a Muslim can learn from the great incident of Karbala. Below are given the major lessons that we can learn from this incident.

Importance of Salat:

During the battle of Karbala, martyrs offered namaz it gives the clear message to all Muslim that offering namaz is important and it should be performed under any circumstance. Another thing that is clear from this is when it comes to praying namaz there is no excuse. If Hazrat Imam Hussain (RA) with the threat of his life in the battle field could stop for namaz then nothing is more serious in an ordinary life that a person cannot pause and offer namaz.

ALLAH is Above All:

The Karbala incident is an excellent example for all those people who claim they love ALLAH Almighty. The incident shows that how people, who love ALLAH, sacrificed their lives and all they have for His sake. Hazrat Imam Hussain (RA) gave his life in the incident of Karbala. It shows that people, who love ALLAH truly, do not just love Him in words but they love ALLAH for whatever they have and when hard time comes they are ready to sacrifice all they have.

Cooperating with others:

The incident of Karbala is well known for the sacrifice which

Hazrat Imam Hussain (RA) and his companions made just for the sake of ALLAH, this incident is also fill with the sacrifices that people made for each other in the battle field. A Muslim can get the lesson of thinking and caring of others or keeping others above than one’s own self.

Standing For righteousness and truth:

The Karbala incident is synonymous with standing for righteousness and truth. Sticking to truth and standing for the righteousness is not an easy thing to do.

Hazrat Imam Hussain (RA) stick of his truth and stood for the Islam. Muslims should realize that righteousness and truth is what Islam stands for, Islam is against all sorts of aggression and oppression.

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CONCEPT OF PROPHETHOOD IN ISLAM

Kabah

The fundamental beliefs which serve as the foundation of the religion are called articles of faith. Belief in prophethood is one the articles of faith in Islam.

Prophet means a person who speaks by divine inspirations or coveys ALLAH’S message to people. Prophethood is a channel of communication between ALLAH and mankind. Since the beginning of creation, ALLAH has his guidance for all mankind through His chosen people. Prophethood or Risalat is conferred on these people by ALLAH. They are called Prophets or messengers whom ALLAH sent to convey His teaching to the peoples. The Prophet only interpreted and communicated which has been transmitted him by ALLAH. Every Prophet clearly stated whatever he taught waS not of his own but that is from the ALLAH for the benefits of mankind. He also confirmed was what revealed before him.

The message of all the Prophets is one and the same. As ALLAH is one, so is his message. The message is “Worship ALLAH, as there is no God for you but He.”

In other words all the Prophets preached the message of unity of ALLAH that is, “There is no God but ALLAH.” All the Prophets, according to Islam were true and good, that’s why it is mandatory upon Muslims to believe in all Prophets.

Prophets were human being; we should never refer them as Son of ALLAH. ALLAH is one and he has no partner or son. It’s a sin to say that ALLAH has a son or a partner. Holy Quran has expressly forbidden Muslims to ascribe partners to ALLAH.

Prophethood is ALLAH’S blessings and favour that He bestows on whom He chooses. It can not be acquired by prayers and worship. Prophets are gifted with the excellence and spiritual qualities which other human being does not possess. They were best in their community, morally and intellectually. This was necessary because their lives serve as an example and model for their followers.

According to Islam, ALLAH created man for worship Him and lead a pious and virtuous life based on His teachings and guidance. But he could not know his roles and purpose of his existence unless he received clear practical instructions of what ALLAH want him to do. Therefore, ALLAH sent his messengers to the world, chosen from different nation to convey His message to all the people. He sent them to man kind from amongst themselves for their guidance and reformation because a man can best serve as a guide and example for his own race. Prophets came in different periods of history as they were needed to convey ALLAH’S message to human being and to guide them.

As Muslims, we must believe in all Prophets. ALLAH’S guidance to all mankind began from Hazrat Adam (AS), the first Prophet and it was completed with our beloved Prophet (pbuh), the last Prophet of ALLAH.

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