IMPORTANCE OF HAJJ

Hajj 1

A sea of pilgrims descends upon the most sacred city of Islam every year. All the men and women are dressed in ihram and male wear pieces of white cloth.

“Hajj is a an occasion that shows we are one nation and gathered by peaceful religion Islam . Dr. Bilal Philips who is the founder of the Qatar Islamic Online University said:

It provides us with the entire a universalist view of mankind.

Hajj which is attended by millions of pilgrims every year and Hajj the 5th and final pillar of Islam. It takes place in the month of Zill Hijjah which is the last month in the Islamic calendar.The pilgrimage is obligatory for all the Muslims to perfrom once in their lifetime who is capable to do so. Hence there are 2 conditions which are applicable to all the muslims who desire to go saudia for perfoming Umrah and Hajj.  The initial thing is that you should be physically able and the second is that you should be financially capable to do it. During the Hajj all the Muslims who make the sacred journey are required to spend 5 days in the desert surrounding the Holy city of Makkah. They travel between those specified points in order to perform rites laid down in Islam’s book, the Holy Quran.

These rites remember and honour the life of Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) who built most revered structure of Islam, the Holy Kaaba, with His son Hazrat Ismail (AS), said by Mohammad Alkobaisi, the grand mufti in Dubai Ministry of Islamic Affairs and also presentor of  Dubai One TV show that is about Understanding Islam.The special importance is the story commemorated by the celebration of Eid ul Azha which marks the end of pilgrimage Hajj.

It is a Muslims believe that Hazrat (AS) was ordered by ALLAH Almighty to sacrifice His son and the Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) was about to do so. ALLAH Almighty stopped him and sent an animal to be slaughtered (qurban) instead of Hazrat Ismaeel (AS).

Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) was dedicated in his relationship with ALLAH Almighty as was His son Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) and they were willing to make the greatest sacrifice.

On the other hand, nowadays we have become very comfortable, easy and unwilling to even slight inconvenience ourselves for the sake of our relationship with ALLAH Almighty and in the struggle for spirituality that is why performing Hajj is so significant in Islam.

That is why it is important because it teaches a person peace and patience. It also gives a person the change to be absolved of his sins and to again restart peaceful life.

If, Hajj is performed accurately, is like a shower that it washes the dirt off.

Imagine you are a mobile phone and your battery of piousness and belief is slowing, Hajj jumpstarts your battery recharge. It is also opportunity to go back out into the globe and refreshed yourself and continue strengthening and power your faith.

Hajj also reminds you to be kind with mankind that is why we sacrifice an animal during Hajj and referring to the obligatory slaughter of a goat or sheep or cow on the 10th of Zil Hajj.

Then the meat should be distributed among the poor and needy, this sense of solidarity and humanity with all sections of society i.e mankind, is a crucial taching and lesson of the pilgrimage which we perform.

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PURPOSE OF PERFORMING UMRAH AND HAJJ

hajj

When the noble Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) and His son Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) had completed the construction of the Holy Kaaba, ALLAH Almighty commanded Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) to make the call for pilgrimage (Hajj and Umrah):

Verse 27 of surah Al-Hajj

And proclaim to mankind the Hajj (pilgrimage). They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every deep and distant (wide) mountain highway (to perform Hajj).

Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) obeyed and the extraordinary result of his call can be seen nowadays when millions of Muslims from many different corner of the world make sacred journeys to the Holy sanctuary of Holy Kaaba to perform Umrah and Hajj. All seeking pleasure of ALLAH Almighty and strongly believe in His promise to pardon them and purify them of their sins.

The Muslims throng the Holy Kaaba for any of the 2 pilgrimages: Umrah or Hajj.

Hajj is the superior pilgrimage:

Hajj means to be take oneself to the holy masjid in the very last month of the Islamic year in order to perform the prescribed obligatory Hajj rituals. It is the 5th pillar of Islam and is obligatory for all Muslims to perform once during their lifetime if they can physically and financially afford to do so.

Umrah is the minor or lesser pilgrimage:

Umrah means paying a visit to the Holy Kaaba, Tawaaf or circumambulation around it, running between the hills of Safa and Marwah seven times, and then shaving (Halq) one’s head (for men) or clipping one’s hair short (for women). There is a agreement among scholars that Umrah is a prescribed ibadah (worship).

Difference between Umrah and Hajj:

Although both hajj and Umrah are pilgrimages, there are particular differences between the 2. Umrah is a prescribed but performing Umrah is non-obligatory pilgrimage, whereas Hajj is an obligatory one. Muslims can perform Umrah any time throughout the year, but a person can only make the pilgrimage Hajj in the specified month of the Zil-Hajj. Another difference is that the Hajj involves more rites and rituals than an Umrah, and thus holds superior reward and significance.

Purpose of performing Umrah and Hajj:

Umrah and Hajj are pilgrimages that hold great merits and have an enormous impact on one’s spiritual condition.  It is a call of ALLAH Almighty which a believer should respond with extreme submission and devotion. It is a remembrance of the acts of deep love, extreme sacrifice and unflinching belief in ALLAH Almighty that were displayed by Hazrat Ibraheem (AS), His wife Bibi Hajra, and son Hazrat Ismaeel (AS). It teaches a Muslim to be obedient to ALLAH Almighty. A Muslim should perform Umrah and Hajj with the purpose of seeking nearness of ALLAH Almighty and experiencing His closeness. Furthermore, Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages teach us the conception of brotherhood and unity in Islam.

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SOME AMAZING FACTS OF ABE-ZAMZAM

zamzam Water

Millions and billions of pilgrims come down to Saudi Arabia with a wish of performing Hajj and Umrah and take the blessings of ALLAH Almighty. Though, the sacred journey to Hajj and Umrah is very hard and to withstand the heat is approximately impossible. So how do millions of pilgrims complete all the rituals of their Hajj and Umrah without any kind of difficulty? It is sure that

ALLAH Almighty that takes care of all the pilgrims, but the Zamzam water is also another reason and boon for providing strength to the pilgrims.

Zamzam is the name of the well that provides fresh and blessed water it quenches the thirst of millions of pilgrims coming from all around the world in order to perform Hajj and Umrah. This auspicious and blessed well is located in city Makkah. It is almost 35 meters deep and is situated only a few meters away from the Holy Kaaba.

Origin of the Well of Zamzam

According to the Islamic traditions, it is believed that ALLAH Almighty sent Hazrat Jibraeel (AS) to help Bibi Hajira (wife of Hazrat Abraham AS) and mother of her infant baby (Hazrat Ismail AS) by providing blessed water of Zamzam, who was starving of thirst. In an effort to search water for her baby Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) in scorching heat, Bibi Hajira ran in between the two hills known as Safa and Marwa, seven times. ALLAH Almighty saw her efforts to save her baby from thirst, so ALLAH Almighty blessed Her and created a water spring there. So this is the similar ritual that all the pilgrims have to perform during Hajj.

Some Facts about Water of Zamzam

Here are some astonishing facts about water of Zamzam water that you will be interested to know before going for Hajj:

  1. Different Names

The water of Zamzam has many different names. According to the experts and scientists, the names are based on the qualities and merits of the water. Some most famous names are:

  • Murwiya (derived from an Arabic word that means `quenched`)
  • Maymoona
  • Shabbaa (derived from `satisfying`)
  1. Water of Zamzam can fulfil hunger and thirst

Water of Zamzam can amusingly increase the level of energy in humans, which helps people maintain the extreme climatic circumstances.

  1. It is pure and unpolluted

The water has been smoothly flowing through the well for more than 4000 years, but not any single sign or mark of contamination has been found. There is no biological or chemical contamination in the water of Zamzam. This means the water is extremely pure.

  1. Healing Quality

The water Zamzam has amazing healing properties due to the high content of magnesium, calcium, natural fluorides and salts. This is the reason that why pilgrims gather water from the Zamzam and also bring it back home for their friends, relatives and family members.

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HAJJ IS THE FIFTH PILLAR OF ISLAM

Kabah

Hajj, being the fifth (5th) pillar of Islam, needs to be done and performed by every Muslim (if they are financially and physically able) once in their lifetime so that they may protect their religious obligations. But why performing Hajj is such a big deal for Muslims, and why is it considered as the Journey of a Lifetime?
The virtues of Hajj are so many and those Muslims who have performed Hajj are indeed aware of the religious and spiritual contentment and inspiring experience such an act plants in the hearts of all humanity; everlastingly.

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has spoken continuously on the virtues and merits of Hajj throughout his lifetime.  In the past, Muslims need many months for travelling to complete their Holy journey to Makkah. The means for transportation were mostly on camels if by land or with wooden made boats by water. Now travelling is become too easy, although it is extremely costly journey, both physically and economically, yet in recent era millions of Muslims have attended and performs the annual pilgrimage in Holy Makkah.

 
The obligation of a Muslim, in spite of of where he or she lives, is to Ibadah (worship) ALLAH Almighty, by carrying out His will in all matters and aspects of life. The basis of Islamic teaching and spending the Islamic way of life is a set of five obligatory and mandatory acts of worship (ibadat), which, taken together with the confession of imaan (faith) and are referred to as the “five pillars” of Islam. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has defined the faith (imaan), the submission, and the best models for human behaviour to follow.

 
These acts of Ibadah (worship) constitute the five pillars are the cornerstones of Islam, each of which has its own religious, spiritual and social values. A person who believes in these five pillars enters the fold of the religion of peace Islam and becomes a member of the Muslim society (the ummah). It is these ritual obligations that draw the faithful closer to ALLAH Almighty and help them fulfil their responsibility to Him. The reason of Islamic Ibadah (worship) is, therefore, to make stronger the individual’s Imaan (faith) and sense of submission to ALLAH Almighty, and to strengthen the ties of brother and sisterhood among all the Muslims. In order to examine the importance of Hajj in a Muslim’s spiritual and social life, that is done the sacred city Makkah.
It was reported in the Holy Quran, verse 22:27:

And proclaim to the people the Hajj [pilgrimage]; they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass –

By relating the experiences about the Hajj, the pilgrims often renew devotional feelings and desire in the hearts of their listeners, each in keen anticipation of the day, when they too will have a chance to perform it.

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JANNAT-UL-BAQI, CEMETRY IN MADINA

Janna-tul-Baqi (Garden of Heaven) is the most important cemetery of Madina. Buried there are so many members of the Prophet (PBUH) close family members, around ten thousand of his companions (Sahabah) and lots of prominent, pious personalities.

  • Term Baqi means the land in which the roots of many different trees are embedded; Gharqad is the name of a tree that is thorny (Boxthorn) which was abundant in Baqi. Therefore the cemetery also came to be well known as Baqi al-Gharqad.
  • The first one to be buried in Al-Baqi was Asad Bin Zararah (may ALLAH be pleased with him), an Ansari companion who died shortly after the Prophet‘s (PBUH) migration to Madina. The Prophet (PBUH) chose the place to be a cemetery. The first of the Emigrants to be buried there was Hazrat Uthman bin Mazoun who died soon after the Prophet (PBUH) returned from the Jang-e-Badr (battle of Badr).

Some of the blessed resting personalities in Janna-tul-Baqi are:

  • The wives of the Prophet (PBUH), also known as the Mothers of the Muslims including Hazrat Aisha (RA), Hazrat Hafsa (RA) and Hazrat Sauda (RA). The two wives of Prophet (PBUH) that are not buried in janna-tul-Baqi are Khadijah bint Khuwaylid who is buried in Mecca and Maymuna bint al-Harith who is buried in Sarif. May ALLAH be pleased with them.
  • The daughters of the Prophet (PBUH), Hazrat Fatima, Hazrat Ruqayyah, Hazrat Zainab and Hazrat Umme Kulthum (may ALLAH be pleased with them)
  • Ibraheem (may ALLAH be pleased with him), the toddler son of the Prophet (PBUH) by Maria al-Qibtiyya.
  • Hasan (may ALLAH be pleased with him), the grandson of the Prophet (PBUH)
  • Abbas (may ALLAH be pleased with him), the uncle of the Prophet (PBUH)
  • The aunts or aunties of the Prophet (PBUH), Aatikah and Safiyyah (may ALLAH be pleased with them)
  • Usman or Uthman (may ALLAH be pleased with him), son-in-law and the third Caliph and of the Prophet (PBUH)
  • Haleemah Sadiya, the wet-nurse of the Prophet (PBUH)
  • Saad bin Abi Waqas (may ALLAH be pleased with him)
  • Abu Saeed Khudri (may ALLAH be pleased with him)
  • Abdur-Rehman bin Auf (may ALLAH be pleased with him)
  • Abdullah bin Masood (may ALLAH be pleased with him)
  • Imam Malik (may ALLAH be pleased with him)

Throughout different times of history many structures and domes were rebuilt or built over many well-known graves in Al-Baqi in order to recognize the inhabitants. On 21 April 1925, mausoleums, structures and domes in Jannat-ul-Baqi were demolished by the command of King Abdul Aziz Al Saud with the purpose of complying with the hadees of the Prophet (PBUH) to not build or cover structures over any grave and to avoid or prevent people from seeking help from the dead.

  • It is virtuous to visit Jannat-ul-Baqi (preferably on a Friday) and Dua (supplicate) to ALLAH for all those buried in its noble world.

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