Janna-tul-Baqi (Garden of Heaven) is the most important cemetery of Madina. Buried there are so many members of the Prophet (PBUH) close family members, around ten thousand of his companions (Sahabah) and lots of prominent, pious personalities.
- Term Baqi means the land in which the roots of many different trees are embedded; Gharqad is the name of a tree that is thorny (Boxthorn) which was abundant in Baqi. Therefore the cemetery also came to be well known as Baqi al-Gharqad.
- The first one to be buried in Al-Baqi was Asad Bin Zararah (may ALLAH be pleased with him), an Ansari companion who died shortly after the Prophet‘s (PBUH) migration to Madina. The Prophet (PBUH) chose the place to be a cemetery. The first of the Emigrants to be buried there was Hazrat Uthman bin Mazoun who died soon after the Prophet (PBUH) returned from the Jang-e-Badr (battle of Badr).
Some of the blessed resting personalities in Janna-tul-Baqi are:
- The wives of the Prophet (PBUH), also known as the Mothers of the Muslims including Hazrat Aisha (RA), Hazrat Hafsa (RA) and Hazrat Sauda (RA). The two wives of Prophet (PBUH) that are not buried in janna-tul-Baqi are Khadijah bint Khuwaylid who is buried in Mecca and Maymuna bint al-Harith who is buried in Sarif. May ALLAH be pleased with them.
- The daughters of the Prophet (PBUH), Hazrat Fatima, Hazrat Ruqayyah, Hazrat Zainab and Hazrat Umme Kulthum (may ALLAH be pleased with them)
- Ibraheem (may ALLAH be pleased with him), the toddler son of the Prophet (PBUH) by Maria al-Qibtiyya.
- Hasan (may ALLAH be pleased with him), the grandson of the Prophet (PBUH)
- Abbas (may ALLAH be pleased with him), the uncle of the Prophet (PBUH)
- The aunts or aunties of the Prophet (PBUH), Aatikah and Safiyyah (may ALLAH be pleased with them)
- Usman or Uthman (may ALLAH be pleased with him), son-in-law and the third Caliph and of the Prophet (PBUH)
- Haleemah Sadiya, the wet-nurse of the Prophet (PBUH)
- Saad bin Abi Waqas (may ALLAH be pleased with him)
- Abu Saeed Khudri (may ALLAH be pleased with him)
- Abdur-Rehman bin Auf (may ALLAH be pleased with him)
- Abdullah bin Masood (may ALLAH be pleased with him)
- Imam Malik (may ALLAH be pleased with him)
Throughout different times of history many structures and domes were rebuilt or built over many well-known graves in Al-Baqi in order to recognize the inhabitants. On 21 April 1925, mausoleums, structures and domes in Jannat-ul-Baqi were demolished by the command of King Abdul Aziz Al Saud with the purpose of complying with the hadees of the Prophet (PBUH) to not build or cover structures over any grave and to avoid or prevent people from seeking help from the dead.
- It is virtuous to visit Jannat-ul-Baqi (preferably on a Friday) and Dua (supplicate) to ALLAH for all those buried in its noble world.
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