The main differences between Hajj and Umrah

Hajj is the basic pilgrimage, which comes in the duty of every Muslim once in a lifetime. Umrah is a small pilgrimage, which is not a duty. The large and a small pilgrimage is the time prescribed for the ritual. Hajj is committed at a certain time of the year.

Both rituals have a journey toward Makkah and consist of such rituals as

  • Wearing ihram
  • Circumambulation of the Kaaba
  • Walking between the hills of Safa and Marwa
  • Shaving and cutting hair

The above is the main ritual of the Umrah, while the Hajj additionally has additional rituals:

  • Holding day and night in Arafat
  • Meena and Muzdalif
  • Areas adjacent to Mecca

Islamic scholars are unanimous in that Hajj is obligatory for the commission at least once in life. Whereas Umrah is considered as a Sunnah not a compulsory task. Hajj is one of the pillars of Islam, of which the Quran says:

“People are obliged before Allah to perform the Hajj to the House (Kaaba) if they are able to do this” (3:97).

Prophet Muhammad (peace be on him) said:

“Islam is built on five pillars: evidence that there is no god but Allah that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, the performance of prayer, the payment of zakat, the pilgrimage to the House, and fasting in the month of Ramadan.”

Who should perform the Hajj or Umrah?

The following are the compulsory aspects of performing Hajj or Umrah.

  • To be a Muslim.

If a non-Muslim or a hajj is praying, fasting, or performing a hajj, his actions will not be accepted, since the first and main requirement is to be a Muslim.

  • Achieving sexual maturity.

The attainment of sexual maturity is the second condition for performing Hajj. For boys and girls, hajj is optional. But they are allowed to participate in the ritual of Hajj and Umrah along with their families. Hajj becomes mandatory for them when they reach puberty.

  • Being in a sound mind.

From mentally ill people, one does not need to perform acts of worship until they restore their mental health.

  • Possess the opportunity to perform the duties:

There are three possibilities:

  1. Health

Unhealthy people who are not healed in the future, who will not be able to do it in the future, who are too old to commit it, should not perform Hajj. But if they have the financial ability, they must send another person to perform the spiritual duty on their behalf.

  1. Financial condition

The believer should also be able to afford the cost of the hajj and leave enough money for those for whom he is responsible. Hajj is not obligatory for those who are in debt.

  1. Security

If the journey to holy lands can endanger someone’s life, for example, during the war there is no obligation to perform the Hajj and Umrah.

IMPORTANCE OF HADITH AND SUNNAH IN ISLAM

madina

After the commandments of ALLAH Almighty through Holy Quran, hadith of Holy Prophet (PBUH) are second most authentic religious source. There are many ayats in the Holy Quran, which guides in the way a Muslim in all matters of life. Holy Quran is the commandment of ALLAH Almighty while the hadith is the explanation of the commands of ALLAH Almighty in terms of collective explanation according to daily life events. For Hadith the Sahi al-Bukhari and the Sahih Muslim are the two most authentic books.

The verses of Holy Quran are the commandments of ALLAH Almighty but how to execute them in daily life and what are the criteria of the implementations given to us through hadith. Let us take some examples to understand this. The verses of Holy Quran imply the punctuality of zakaat, Namaz, Hajj and other prayers. But these are only the key words and terms. When you are thinking to do them practically, you need to be very vigilant about the proper and systematic procedure of these acts of worship. Where to go then for finding the practical way of implementation these acts? You can follow the credibility and authenticity of Sunnah and Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

 
The full procedure of any act that is related to our daily life is given in the Sunnah and hadith. Now you must have estimated that how much Sunnah and Hadith is important in the life of every Muslims. The hadith shows that how to act in a certain situation in different ups and downs of life, how to respond to particular matters of life how to lead a good life according to the Islamic teachings. It is paramount for every Muslim to follow the Hadith, codes, the examples, and the Sunnah of Prophet (PBUH). With the help of hadith, Muslims grow up by knowing how to lead a holy life according to the proper way of Islamic teachings.

A person needs to keep on revising them for getting deeper understanding and see how it will help you in tackle the current situation. Religion Islam is the only true religion which gives knowledge, information and solution to each and every aspect of life. From the small child to the aged ones, because of the technology advancement it is now becomes very easy to find the hadith with online sources. By following Hadith, sunnah and teaching o Holy Quran Muslim can have a holy life as required in the Islamic way of spending life. Hadith and Sunnah will enable Muslim to have a deeper understanding of the Islamic teaching and spending way of life according to the teachings of Islam. Being Muslim it is necessary for us to follow Hadith, Sunnah and Holy Quran.

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